Friday, December 23, 2016

Oracle Database 12c Silent Installation

Oracle Database 12c Silent Installation



Step 1    Prerequisites
Step 2    Assumption for Installation.
Step 3    Run installar in silent mode.
Step 4    Assumption for Database Creation.
Step 5    Run dbca in silent mode.
Step 6    Crosscheck Database Installation.



Step 1    Prerequisites

Create directory structure for following locations using root

INVENTORY_LOCATION = /mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/oraInventory
ORACLE_HOME =/mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle/Product/12.1.0.2/db_1
ORACLE_BASE =/mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle

Change ownership to user db1212

$ chown -R db1212:oinstall OracleSilent/



Step 2    Assumption for Installation.

If one need to change following parameters kindly edit db_Software_Install.rsp

Parameter
Values
Remarks
InstallEdition
EE
EnterpriseEdition
oracle.install.option
INSTALL_DB_SWONLY
Install Software only
DBA_GROUP
dba
Group Information
OPER_GROUP
dba
BACKUPDBA_GROUP
dba
DGDBA_GROUP
dba
KMDBA_GROUP
dba
LANGUAGE
EN
English
DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES
Yes

SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT
False


Below is the sample output of db_software_install.rsp file.

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the installation option.
# It can be one of the following:
#   - INSTALL_DB_SWONLY
#   - INSTALL_DB_AND_CONFIG
#   - UPGRADE_DB
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the hostname of the system as set during the install. It can be used
# to force the installation to use an alternative hostname rather than using the
# first hostname found on the system. (e.g., for systems with multiple hostnames
# and network interfaces)
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORACLE_HOSTNAME=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the Unix group to be set for the inventory directory. 
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the languages in which the components will be installed.            
#
# en   : English                  ja   : Japanese                 
# fr   : French                   ko   : Korean                   
# ar   : Arabic                   es   : Latin American Spanish   
# bn   : Bengali                  lv   : Latvian                  
# pt_BR: Brazilian Portuguese     lt   : Lithuanian               
# bg   : Bulgarian                ms   : Malay                    
# fr_CA: Canadian French          es_MX: Mexican Spanish          
# ca   : Catalan                  no   : Norwegian                
# hr   : Croatian                 pl   : Polish                   
# cs   : Czech                    pt   : Portuguese               
# da   : Danish                   ro   : Romanian                 
# nl   : Dutch                    ru   : Russian                  
# ar_EG: Egyptian                 zh_CN: Simplified Chinese       
# en_GB: English (Great Britain)  sk   : Slovak                   
# et   : Estonian                 sl   : Slovenian                
# fi   : Finnish                  es_ES: Spanish                  
# de   : German                   sv   : Swedish                  
# el   : Greek                    th   : Thai                     
# iw   : Hebrew                   zh_TW: Traditional Chinese      
# hu   : Hungarian                tr   : Turkish                  
# is   : Icelandic                uk   : Ukrainian                
# in   : Indonesian               vi   : Vietnamese               
# it   : Italian                                                  
#
# all_langs   : All languages
#
# Specify value as the following to select any of the languages.
# Example : SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en,fr,ja
#
# Specify value as the following to select all the languages.
# Example : SELECTED_LANGUAGES=all_langs 
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the installation edition of the component.                    
#                                                            
# The value should contain only one of these choices. 
#   - EE     : Enterprise Edition

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The DBA_GROUP is the OS group which is to be granted OSDBA privileges.
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.DBA_GROUP=dba

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The OPER_GROUP is the OS group which is to be granted OSOPER privileges.
# The value to be specified for OSOPER group is optional.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.OPER_GROUP=dba

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The BACKUPDBA_GROUP is the OS group which is to be granted OSBACKUPDBA privileges.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.BACKUPDBA_GROUP=dba

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The DGDBA_GROUP is the OS group which is to be granted OSDGDBA privileges.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.DGDBA_GROUP=dba

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The KMDBA_GROUP is the OS group which is to be granted OSKMDBA privileges.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.KMDBA_GROUP=dba

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify whether to enable the user to set the password for
# My Oracle Support credentials. The value can be either true or false.
# If left blank it will be assumed to be false.
#
# Example    : SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=true
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=false

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify whether user doesn't want to configure Security Updates.
# The value for this variable should be true if you don't want to configure
# Security Updates, false otherwise.
#
# The value can be either true or false. If left blank it will be assumed
# to be false.
#
# Example    : DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=false
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=true



Step 3    Run installar in silent mode.

 Go to Installar directory
-bash-4.1$ pwd
/mnt/devops_0/Installables/database

Run below command

$ ./runInstaller -silent -responseFile /mnt/devops_0/dba/db1212/db_Software_Install.rsp INVENTORY_LOCATION=/mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/oraInventory ORACLE_HOME=/mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle/product/12.1.0.2/db_1 ORACLE_BASE=/mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle


Step 4    Assumption for Database Creation.

 If one need to change following parameters kindly edit dbca.rsp


Parameter
Values
Remarks
OPERATION_TYPE
createDatabase

DATABASECONFTYPE
SI
Single Instance
CREATEASCONTAINERDATABASE
false
Container Database
CHARACTERSET
AL32UTF8

NATIONALCHARACTERSET
AL16UTF16

DATABASETYPE
MULTIPURPOSE

AUTOMATICMEMORYMANAGEMENT
TRUE

STORAGETYPE
FS

LISTENERS
(It will configure with all listerner if exists otherwise create one)


SAMPLESCHEMA
False



Below is the listing of dbca.rsp

 #-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# GENERAL section is required for all types of database creations.
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
[GENERAL]

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Name          : RESPONSEFILE_VERSION
# Datatype      : String
# Description   : Version of the database to create
# Valid values  : "12.1.0"
# Default value : None
# Mandatory     : Yes
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
RESPONSEFILE_VERSION = "12.1.0"

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Name          : OPERATION_TYPE
# Datatype      : String
# Description   : Type of operation
# Valid values  : "createDatabase" \ "createTemplateFromDB" \ "createCloneTemplate" \ "deleteDatabase" \ "configureDatabase" \ "addInstance" (RAC-only) \ "deleteInstance" (RAC-only) \ "createPluggableDatabase" \ "unplugDatabase" \ "deletePluggableDatabase" \ "configurePluggableDatabase"
# Default value : None
# Mandatory     : Yes
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
OPERATION_TYPE = "createDatabase"

#-----------------------*** End of GENERAL section ***------------------------

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# CREATEDATABASE section is used when OPERATION_TYPE is defined as "createDatabase".
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
[CREATEDATABASE]

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Name          : GDBNAME
# Datatype      : String
# Description   : Global database name of the database
# Valid values  : . - when database domain isn't NULL
#                              - when database domain is NULL
# Default value : None
# Mandatory     : Yes
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
GDBNAME = "orcl12c.in.myora.com"

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Name          : DATABASECONFTYPE
# Datatype      : String
# Description   : database conf type as Single Instance, Real Application Cluster or Real Application Cluster One Nodes database
# Valid values  : SI\RAC\RACONENODE
# Default value : SI
# Mandatory     : No
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
DATABASECONFTYPE  = "SI"

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Name          : SID
# Datatype      : String
# Description   : System identifier (SID) of the database
# Valid values  : Check Oracle12c Administrator's Guide
# Default value : specified in GDBNAME
# Mandatory     : No
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
SID = "orcl12c"

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Name          : CREATEASCONTAINERDATABASE
# Datatype      : boolean
# Description   : flag to create database as container database
# Valid values  : Check Oracle12c Administrator's Guide
# Default value : false
# Mandatory     : No
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
CREATEASCONTAINERDATABASE =false

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Name          : TEMPLATENAME
# Datatype      : String
# Description   : Name of the template
# Valid values  : Template file name
# Default value : None
# Mandatory     : Yes
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
TEMPLATENAME = "General_Purpose.dbc"

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Name          : STORAGETYPE
# Datatype      : String
# Description   : Specifies the storage on which the database is to be created
# Valid values  : FS (CFS for RAC), ASM
# Default value : FS
# Mandatory     : No
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
STORAGETYPE=FS

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Name          : CHARACTERSET
# Datatype      : String
# Description   : Character set of the database
# Valid values  : Check Oracle12c National Language Support Guide
# Default value : "US7ASCII"
# Mandatory     : NO
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
CHARACTERSET = "AL32UTF8"

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Name          : NATIONALCHARACTERSET
# Datatype      : String
# Description   : National Character set of the database
# Valid values  : "UTF8" or "AL16UTF16". For details, check Oracle12c National Language Support Guide
# Default value : "AL16UTF16"
# Mandatory     : No
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
NATIONALCHARACTERSET= "AL16UTF16"



Step 5    Run dbca in silent mode.

 Following parameter must be provided manually for silent installation.
  • gdbname
  • sid
  • datafileDestination
  • SysPassword
  • SystemPassword
  • emConfiguration
  • memoryPercentage
$ dbca -silent -responseFile /mnt/devops_0/dba/db1212/dbca.rsp -createDatabase -gdbname oraslnt -sid oraslnt   -emConfiguration LOCAL -datafileDestination /mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle/oradata/oraslnt -SysPassword sysdba123  -SystemPassword sysdba123 -memoryPercentage 10

Below is the sample output of above command.

$ export ORACLE_HOME =/mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle/Product/12.1.0.2/db_1

-bash-4.1$ dbca -silent -responseFile /mnt/devops_0/dba/db1212/dbca.rsp -createDatabase -gdbname oraslnt -sid oraslnt   -emConfiguration LOCAL -datafileDestination /mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle/oradata/oraslnt -SysPassword sysdba123  -SystemPassword sysdba123
Copying database files
1% complete
3% complete
11% complete
18% complete
26% complete
37% complete
Creating and starting Oracle instance
40% complete
45% complete
50% complete
55% complete
56% complete
60% complete
62% complete
Completing Database Creation
66% complete
70% complete
73% complete
85% complete
96% complete
100% complete
Look at the log file "/mnt/devops_0/Oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/oraslnt/oraslnt.log" for further details.


Step 6    Crosscheck Database Installation.

-bash-4.1$ export ORACLE_SID=oraslnt
-bash-4.1$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Tue Mar 15 11:36:01 2016

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options

SQL> select name, open_mode from v$database;

NAME      OPEN_MODE
--------- --------------------
ORASLNT   READ WRITE


SQL> select name from v$datafile;

NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle/oradata/oraslnt/oraslnt/system01.dbf
/mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle/oradata/oraslnt/oraslnt/sysaux01.dbf
/mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle/oradata/oraslnt/oraslnt/undotbs01.dbf
/mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle/oradata/oraslnt/oraslnt/users01.dbf


SQL> select member from v$logfile;

MEMBER
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle/oradata/oraslnt/oraslnt/redo03.log
/mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle/oradata/oraslnt/oraslnt/redo02.log
/mnt/devops_0/OracleSilent/Oracle/oradata/oraslnt/oraslnt/redo01.log




Thanks & Regards,
Chandan Tanwani
Oracle Performance Tuning Certified Expert
 
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